- About Parkinson's disease
- Product profile
- Development to date
- Future development
LCT 0.041 Last updated EOD 23rd April 2019
The following fact sheets provide a summary of our current business and research pipeline.
About Parkinson’s disease
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological condition characterised by a loss of brain cells that produce dopamine (a neurotransmitter that conveys messages between brain cells to ensure effective movement and planning of movement) and many other types of neurons. People with Parkinson’s disease experience reduced and slow movement (hypokinesia and bradykinesia), rigidity and tremors.
Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer’s disease, affecting approximately 7 million people worldwide. The average age of onset is 60 years, and the incidence increases with age. Men are one and a half times more likely to have Parkinson's disease than women.
Current treatments for Parkinson’s disease are symptomatic and do not reverse or slow the degeneration of neurons in the brain. Most existing pharmaceutical treatment options focus on restoring the balance of dopamine and other neurotransmitters. The effectiveness of dopamine replacement therapy declines as the disease progresses. When dopamine treatments are no longer useful, some patients are treated with Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), in which a medical device is surgically implanted in the brain in order to send electrical impulses to regions of the brain involved in the control of movement. While DBS leads to short-term symptomatic improvement, it does not impact disease progression and is not curative or neuroprotective.